The Praktina System

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Praktina Prototypes 
The birth of a professional single lens reflex camera system

At the Trade Fair in Leipzig, in September 1952, the VEB Kamera-Werkstätten Niedersedlitz showed the PRAKTINA, the prototype of a 35mm single-lens reflex camera with the interchangeability of lens, finder and focusing screen, camera back and with a bottom-camera coupling to fit up a spring winder or an electric motor.
The new camera was fitted out with an horizontal-travel focal-plane shutter with cloth curtains and shutter speed from 1 to 1/1000 sec, self-timer, eye-level prism finder, eye-level optical finder, focusing screen with split-image rangefinder, synchronization for bulbs and electronic flash and an advanced and reliable breech-lock lens mount.
The development of the Praktina's prototypes till the mid of 1953 was characterized by a series of changes and improvements. Three changes were the name of the camera, the numbers of flash connections and the addition of a mechanism to close down the diaphragm of semi-automatic lenses to the preselected aperture.
The camera name changed from a "No name" to "Praktina" and then to "Praktina FX"; the numbers of flash connections changed from three unipolar sockets to two bipolar sockets and in 1953 was added the mechanism to control the lens diaphragm.

There are five types of prototypes that explain the development of this camera.

Prototype Type 1
• Date: 1952
• Camera name: no name
• Numbers of flash connections: Three unipolar sockets

Praktina with prism finder
Praktina with waist-level finder

Prototype Type 2
• Date: 1952
• Camera name: Praktina
• Numbers of flash connections: Three unipolar sockets

Prototype Type 3
• Date: 1952
• Camera name: Praktina
• Numbers of flash connections: Two bipolar sockets

Prototype Type 4
• Date: 1953
• Camera name: Praktina
• Numbers of flash connections: Two bipolar sockets
• Internal mechanism to close down the diaphragm to the preselected aperture

Prototype Type 5
• Date: 1953
• Camera name: Praktina FX
• Numbers of flash connections: Two bipolar sockets
• Internal mechanism to close down the diaphragm to the preselected aperture

The accessories
Many accessories were shown for the new camera: eye-level finder, waist-level finder, 6x micro focusing finder, portrait finder with 3x magnification, rapid-sequence spring motor for up to 10 shoots, electric motor with magnetic remote control, 2:1 extension bellows and microscope adapter.
So not only a new camera, but also a new 35mm SLR system was born.

The Praktina System at Leipzig Trade Fair in September 1952
Source: "Die Fotografie", November 1952


Spring Winder

Electric motor

3x Portrait finder

Bellows Focusing Attachment

 

 
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CAMERAS
Praktina Prototypes
Praktina FX model DS
Praktina FX model M
Praktina FX model SA1
Praktina FX model SA2
Praktina FX model SA3
Praktina IIA model A
Praktina IIA model DA
Praktina renamed
Praktina N - Pentacon Super
 
 
 
LENSES
Lenses with PK mount
Carl Zeiss Jena
Meyer-Optik Görlitz
Angenieux Paris
Enna-Werk München
Feinmess Dresden
Isco Göttingen
Kilfitt München
A.Schacht Ulm
Schneider Kreuznach
Steinheil München
Tele-Converters
Others manufacturers
ACCESSORIES
Praktina Accessories
Viewing System
Motor and Winder
Magazine Back
Close-up Accessories
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KW Accessories
Third-party Accessories
 
 
 
 
 

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Last Revision: June 2015